He was a leading Filipino chemist during the Spanish Period and was considered the Father of Philippine Science and Laboratory.

His formula for the production of a pure kind of alcohol from tuba of a nipa palm won for him the first prize at the World Fair in Paris in 1881. He extracted castor oil from a native plant called palma christi.

Date of Birth: July 13, 1860
Place of Birth: Santa Cruz, Manila
Date of Death: May 2, 1895

Values Exhibited:
  Love and respect for others

Learning Message:

Ang pagamamahal sa bayan ay maipapamalas sa iba't ibang paraan. (Love of country may be shown in a number of ways.)


He joined the Katipunan when the revolutionaries from Balintawak arrived in his hometown in Bulacan in 1896.

When Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo was captured by the Americans in 1900, he fled to the mountains and founded the Santa Iglesia, a messianic society that aimed to overthrow the American colonial government.

He gained a significant following in Bulacan, Pampanga, Pangasinan, Tarlac, and Nueva Ecija. He was popularly called "Apo Ipe" by his followers.

In 1910, he was captured by the American authorities. He was sentenced to death and was hanged in 1912.

Date of Birth: May 26, 1870
Place of Birth: Baliuag, Bulacan
Date of Death: April 15, 1912

Values Exhibited:

Learning Message:

Ang buong pusong pakikilahok ay kailangan upang matamo ang kalayaan. (Full commitment is needed to attain independence.)

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From the Centennial Resource Book: Ang mga Pilipino sa Ating Kasaysayan.
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