When he was in exile in Hong Kong, Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo visited the Agoncillos. Aguinaldo's purpose was to request Marcela to make a Filipino flag. Marcela worked on the flag for five days with the help of her eldest daughter, Lorenza, and Mrs. Delfina Herbosa de Natividad, Rizal's niece by his sister, Lucia. The flag was first unfurled at the balcony of the Aguinaldo residence in Kawit on June 12, 1898.

Marcela took care of their home in Hong Kong while her husband went on diplomatic mission to France, Canada, and the United States. Their home became an asylum for Filipino leaders. Even Josephine Bracken sought refuge there when the Spanish authorized threatened to arrest her.

When their family settled in Malate, Manila, she distributed alms every Saturday to the beggars.

Date of Birth: June 23, 1860
Place of Birth:Taal, Batangas
Date of Death: May 30, 1946

Values Exhibited:

  Love of Family

Learning Message:

Magtrabaho nang maigi at wag umasa sa yaman ng pamilya. (Work hard and do not depend on family wealth.)

Maging masunurin at igalang ang inyong mga magulang. (Be obedient and respect your parents.)

Tulungan ang mga mahihirap. (Help the poor.)

Makakapaglingkod tayo sa bayan sa ibat-ibang paraan. (We can serve the country in different ways.)


She was the first wife of General Emilio Aguinaldo. She joined her husband in his campaigns. She lost her second baby while escaping capture by, American soldiers.

In 1899, she organized the Hijas de la revolution (Daughter of the revolution), which later became the Association Nacional de la Cruz Roja (National Association of the Red Cross.)

Date of Birth: 1877
Place of Birth: Imus, Cavite
Date of Death: March 6, 1921

Values Exhibited:

  Love and respect for others

Learning Message:

Ang buong pusong pakikilahok ay kailangan upang matamo ang kalayaan. (Full commitment is needed to attain independence.)

Ang pagmamalasakit sa kapakanan ng kapwa ay katumbas na rin ng pagmamahal sa sarili at sa Lumikha. (Concern for others is like love for one's self and love of God.)

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From the Centennial Resource Book: Ang mga Pilipino sa Ating Kasaysayan.
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